We've all suffered with acne at some point, the dreaded pimple, a sudden burst, a constant struggle with spots. But what causes acne?

What causes acne?

There are 2 kinds of acne. The most common form, acne vulgaris, occurs on your face, chest, shoulders or back as blackheads, whiteheads or red spots. Cystic acne occurs as painful cysts or firm, painless lumps. Acne occurs when your skin is producing too much sebum–a natural oily lubricant–and the excess is blocking your pores. 

Hormone fluctuations caused by puberty, taking the contraceptive pill, periods, pregnancy or the onset of the menopause often increase sebum production, which can trigger an outbreak of acne.

Other culprits include certain types of make-up, sunbathing and stress. Acne is usually hereditary.

Unfortunately there isn’t one simple cure that is guaranteed to get rid of acne, but there are plenty of treatments from over-the-counter products to natural remedies that can help. Take a look at our thorough guide to treatments and alternative treatments to help combat acne.

 

Severe acne

Getting a pimple now and then is not a major issue. But if your blemishes don't respond to over-the-counter treatments within 3 months or your skin becomes severely inflamed with painful, fluid-filled lumps and a reddish or purplish cast, then see your doctor. You should also seek medical advice if your skin is always red and flushed, even if acne isn't present; you may have the beginnings of rosacea, a skin condition characterised by persistent redness, pimples and enlarged blood vessels.

 

To get help discreetly, visit the OnlineClinic.

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